Every community ends up having its own words ( palabras ) that end up identifying their coreligionists from the rest of the wide world, turning them into a special race of elect especially when they speak with that special jargon in front of neophytes, while they try to make themselves interesting by making themselves look as if they are learning something.
In part it is normal, especially in technology, because all new development and innovation ends up requiring the incorporation of terminologies that, on the one hand, distinguish it from the rest and, on the other, explain in some way concepts that are unknown until now
Of course, with WordPress we are not unaware of this, and little by little it has been developed a specific jargon that, if you do not know it, besides missing a big pair You will not be able to relate to the discussions of WordPresseros and that would be unforgivable.
We are going to give you a solution with a compilation of terminology, or jargon, that WordPress has has been incorporating and that every WordPress user needs to know minimally to manage in a reasonable way by this great ecosystem.
… Generic jargon …
CMS – Acronym of the English word " Content Management System " which, in Spanish, is " Content Management System ". Okay, we could refer to it as SGC but it would be even more unpronounceable, do not you think? In short, it is a software that allows to manage a web page in a simple way, managing by areas the different functionalities of the same: contents, design, utilities, administration, users, etc. WordPress is a CMS of course.
Matt Mullenweg – Creator of WordPress and boss of Automattic company that coordinates and hosts the different projects related to WordPress, in addition to offering a free service of creating blogs in the domain wordpress.com
Automattic – The company that created Matt Mullenweg to guarantee the present and future of WordPress and , incidentally, cover dollars, which is doing very well thanks to WordPress related services, web development, consulting and agreements with web hosting companies. In general they are great people (also in particular) and are truly committed to WordPress and Free Software.
WordPress – It comes to mean something like printed word because in the At the time of its creation, it was postulated as the online publishing system par excellence, an objective that it has met, by the way.
Blog – It refers to what is being an online newspaper, a website that covers the utility of personal blog where someone, using a CMS (do you see, you know what we are talking about?), publishes what he wants, be it text, photos, videos or famous quotes. WordPress was born as a platform for creating and publishing blogs, for " blog ", but little by little it has been growing and nowadays you can use WordPress to create a blog (of course), a corporate portal, a social network and practically what you want, because the difference will mark the design you choose (then we see).
GPL – Acronym for "GNU General Public License ", license Free and open source code that allows to use, expand, study, modify and disseminate any software that uses it. WordPress uses the GPL license
CSS – Acronym for " Cascade Style Sheets " or "Cascading style sheet", a programming language that defines styles and formats of a document Web.
PHP – Programming language for dynamic sites (with updatable and storable content) used in the WordPress code. To install WordPress the server needs to be able to interpret this programming language.
MySQL – Database management software used in web servers mainly to store the information of dynamic sites. WordPress needs the server to have MySQL to store the information it generates (settings, content, etc).
… Administration slang …
Desktop – The startup screen of the WordPress administration area, the first you see nothing else to access or install, from where you can start to create, organize, customize your WordPress.
Widget – Small box that " fleet ] "On the WordPress desktop, the ticket editor and some more administration pages. They can be moved, minimized and customized. In the Desktop they show information, in the editor they offer utilities, in the Appearance section they are the blocks of information that will be shown in the sidebars of your website.
Metabox – Name by which is usually called the widgets of the ticket editor.
Plugin – Small application that you can install to improve, change or add functionality to WordPress. The plugins are part of the magic of this dear CMS ours, there are thousands and practically for anything you can think of.
FTP – Acronym for " File Transfer Protocol "or" File Transfer Protocol ". It is a network protocol used to transfer files from your computer to a web server. It is the usual method to upload files to your hosting, install WordPress, etc. The process is done with specialized software, called " FTP Clients ", very similar to Windows Explorer or the Mac OSX Finder, in which you have windows where your folders and those of the remote server are displayed, can "drag and drop" files from one site to another.
Function – WordPress-specific pieces of code that you can use to modify its behavior, improve it or expand it. They come incorporated into the main WordPress code so you can use them to your liking by means of code blocks (or recipes ) that are usually added to an existing file in most of the themes (
functions.php ) or be part of the plugins.
Action – Code piece that executes actions based on functions WordPress. It is used by the plugins and the customizations and functionalities that you can add to your file
functions.php . A function can be formed by shares and hooks .
Hook – From English hook . Code piece that connects two or more functions WordPress to offer extra features or customizations. The plugins are commonly used for " connect " functions and shares .
Shortcode – Short codes used in the editor of entries and in the topics WordPress for " invoke " functions previously defined in plugins or other functions .
User Role – WordPress is a CMS multi-user, and each user can have a different profile and capabilities. The standard WordPress user roles are, in descending order of capabilities: Administrator – Publisher – Author – Contributor – Subscriber .
… Design slang …
Topic – The templates that WordPress uses to display the content. It is the part visible by the visitor, the design of your website. You can install them, modify them, even create them to your liking. Many have pages of customization options, accessible in the WordPress administration area, usually as a menu submenu Appearance .
Framework – In WordPress this term is primarily used for define themes WordPress ultravitaminados, to the point of being authentic web applications that allow you to modify the design of your website created with WordPress through controls and visual panels, usually very intuitive, and sometimes even from the area visible by the visitor.
Sidebar – One of the standard blocks of a theme WordPress. In a typical WordPress theme there is a header where the wolf or site name goes, block of content that is where the posts you publish go, footnotes with reference links to the author or menus and other blocks where you can add Widgets from the menu " Appearance -> Widgets " that will be shown in these blocks. The topics may contain one, several or none sidebar . They are usually used to display web browsing resources.
Style sheet – File named
style.css located in WordPress themes where using the programming language ] CSS defines the visual styles of the chosen theme. A subject WordPress must have at least one stylesheet to be able to activate it in WordPress.
Page templates – Different design layouts you can have a page created with WordPress. It depends on the theme chosen that you have more than one page template. Some come totally predefined, so that just by naming a page and choosing the template show " something " (file, forms, etc). Others simply offer design options (with or without sidebar full width, etc.)
Template tags – Or in English " template tags " They are functions PHP that retrieve information from the database MySQL to create code resulting in HTML to be displayed on your web.
The Loop – It's the PHP code that shows the entries and pages in the issue WordPress. It is the mother of the lamb of the code of any subject and of WordPress, without the only exists design, without content. The loop looks in the database and if there is content it shows it, just as simple, so wonderful.
Menu – Links to pages, files, entries or websites that the topics usually show at the top. You can create or modify menus on the administration page " Appearance -> Menus ". If your theme does not have a site to display menus there is also a widget of sidebar (what are you already spinning concepts?) With which to display your menus in ] sidebars .
… Content slang …
Entry – This is the way WordPress refers to publications, articles, posts or whatever you want to call them. This is what the loop shows, and the fundamental basis of your web content, the news, the dynamic content.
Page – It is another type of publication that you can create with WordPress to link it from menus or custom links. They are meant to contain information that usually does not vary as a contact page, information about you and your company, things like that.
Excerpt – Part of content you can choose to show in the loop instead of the complete contents of a entry or page . There is a widget in the entry editor in which to define a extract custom. You can also show only up to one point of an entry ( excerpt ), instead of showing it complete in loop by clicking on the " Insert More " icon of the ticket editor. There are topics that, by default, only show extracts from the content of each entry on the main page of your website even if you do not define it using the previous methods.
Category – When you publish an entry you can store it- organize it into one or several categories to classify in an orderly and controlled manner the information on your website that has a conceptual relationship. These are the general topics that your website will deal with (cooking recipes, trips, etc). The categories can have hierarchies, that is, there can be subcategories. At the end of the loop there are usually links to the categories in which each publication is organized, being able to see – by clicking on its name – all the publications in that category. There is also a widget to display the categories, with the same functionality.
Tag – Also known as tag were also created to organize the content of your web, but they are oriented to the specific text of each entry. They are like the keywords used in an entry. For example, you create an entry in the category Recipes where you explain how to make a paella with seafood, as it would be a good idea to create a label for " paella " and another for " seafood "If you think you're going to use them again some time. Like the categories are fantastic elements as navigation resources for the visitor, so that he can review everything related to specific topics or concepts.
Taxonomy – In WordPress, this term refers to the systems of grouping of contents by means of common elements. The taxonomies are the labels and the categories, the categories of links, even the personalized entry types. Any way to group similar elements is what is called a taxonomy in WordPress.
Input metadata – Are elements related to the entries, which offer information relative to them, such as the author, the date it was published, etc. Most WordPress themes show input metadata before or after loop .
Draft – One of the publication states of an entry that, instead of publishing it in the you prefer to leave to improve or expand later.
Pending review – Another state of publication, similar to the draft but left marked for review by another user responsible for the content. It is the default publishing status for the user with Contributor role since it requires a user to be reviewed with role of Editor or Administrator.
Type of entry personalized – Or in English " custom post type ", are special types of content, apart from the entries and pages, to show content types such as images, appointments, audios, etc. The themes WordPress can define different styles to show the custom input types in the loop (do you see how cool it is to know the jargon to understand things?).
Links – Links are also content, they are text that link to a web address, so they are semantically complete, and the set of links that you can create in WordPress is usually called blogroll . They are the sites of interest that you can, after creating them, show through the corresponding widget of sidebar .
Slug – It is the unique part of an address web or URL. For example, in the URL
https://ayudawp.com/jerga-wordpress/ the slug is the part
slang-wordpress . You can modify it in the entry editor (under the title) or in the administration page of entries, through the link you will see called " Quick Edition ".
Permalink – It is the URL that will archive your content and by which you can access it from any other website. They can be of various types; ugly, semantic, numerical, etc. It is also known as permalink .
Well, with this lingo you can already get by at the next meeting of WordPresseros like a professional and say things like …
"He created a function that, through actions and hooks, causes the theme loop to show different design, without the need for an additional style sheet, types of personalized entries using short codes depending on the user role and the label and category used, as well as modifying the metaboxes and update the information of the sidebar widgets making a query to MySQL using PHP "
Well, and now. There are many other concepts but they are not exclusive to WordPress, or they do not have a specific conceptualization in WordPress, but if you see that something vital has happened to me, you tell me and I add it.